Vim editor keyboard shortcuts

File commands
Keys Description
i insert mode before character
a append mode after character
:q quit file
:q! quit file and ignore saving
:w save file
:wq save file and quit
:x save file and quit
/{string} the first occurrence of this string in the file is highlighted
:set number shows line numbers in the file
:set nonumber to stop showing the line numbers in the file
v + select text using arrow keys visually select text
d cut the text selection
y copy the text selection
p paste the text selection
/<text> selects and projects the first occurrence of this text in the file
:%s/foo/bar/g Find each occurrence of ‘foo’ (in all lines), and replace it with ‘bar’.
:s/foo/bar/g Find each occurrence of ‘foo’ (in the current line only), and replace it with ‘bar’.
:%s/foo/bar/gc Change each ‘foo’ to ‘bar’, but ask for confirmation first.
:%s/\<foo\>/bar/gc Change only whole words exactly matching ‘foo’ to ‘bar’; ask for confirmation.
:%s/foo/bar/gci i => case insensitive
:%s/foo/bar/gcI I => case sensitive
Navigation commands
Keys Description
1G go to line no. 1
5G go to line no. 5
G go to the last line
^ go to the beginning of the line
$ go to the end of line
dw delete the word
dd delete the entire line
dG delete all contents of the file
x delete the current character
u undo the last change
w move forward word by word
b move backward word by word
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